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Pandemic: definition, difference from a plague , examples

Pandemic: definition, difference from a plague , examples


                           The new coronavirus discovered in China in December 2019 continues to progress in countries of the planet and therefore the number of cases is increasing over the hours, especially in France. The Covid-19 epidemic has been declared an epidemic by the WHO. what's it concretely and 
what difference with an epidemic?
What is a pandemic?


[Updated on Wednesday March 18, 2020 at 6:40 pm] consistent with the planet Health Organization (WHO), we speak of an epidemic within the event of a worldwide spread of a replacement disease. To date, 155 countries are affected worldwide (out of 198 recognized by the UN). The coronavirus epidemic became an epidemic on March 11 as announced by the WHO that very same day. The overwhelming majority of the population isn't immunized against this new virus, its impact and severity are potentially above within the case of an already known virus.



Difference with a plague 

A pandemic extends to a continent, even to the entire world.
Difficult to understand the nuance between epidemic and pandemic. the most difference is that the geographic extent of an communicable disease . a plague (from the Latin epidemia which suggests "at home") corresponds to the event and rapid spread of a contagion , most frequently of infectious origin, during a sizable amount of individuals , epidemic would therefore be limited to a specific area.

On the opposite hand, a plague (from the Greek pan which suggests "everything" and demos which suggests "people") is an epidemic with several foci. The pandemic is spreading to the whole population of a continent, even to the entire world. Its impact and severity (number of contaminations and death rate) are therefore greater than those of a plague .

Coronavirus pandemic

                                  Before, there was just one official home: Wuhan in China.Thousands of contaminations and deaths thanks to the new Chinese coronavirus make it officially a "pandemic" with the presence of the virus in additional than 150 countries of the planet and therefore the development of risk areas outside of China, notably in Singapore, South Korea, Iran and Italy. These areas having become true hotbeds of the epidemic, the WHO officially reclassified Covid-19 as a "pandemic" on Wednesday, March 11. a choice made due to the "alarming levels of spread and severity" of coronavirus worldwide.

A country's strategy to curb the introduction of the virus into the territory, detect and look after infected people
Health response strategy of a rustic © Ministry of Solidarity and Health
What happens within the event of a pandemic?


                          When the WHO officially declares the pandemic stage, its 198 Member States must suits the International Health Regulations (IHR). it's an agreement which obliges WHO Member States to collaborate for the advantage of global health security. Concretely, these countries plan to strengthening their capacities within the detection, evaluation and notification of public health events. And also to place in situ special measures in ports, airports and border posts (monitored crossing points between two countries) to limit the spread of the virus. This will give time for preparing medical emergency plan followed by  ordering medical equipment, making restrictions on transport, mobilizing a health reserve, closing certain public places, storing vaccines, building hospitals…

The deadliest pandemics in history

                        The Black Death pandemic, caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis , raged in Asia, the center East, the Maghreb and Europe. it had been declared for the primary time in 1334 within the province of Hubei in China. From 1347 to 1352, the Black Death caused 25 million victims in Europe, which corresponds to approximately half the ecu population at the time and 25 million deaths within the remainder of the planet , especially in China, India, Egypt, Persia

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