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Amazing psychology,Broken window effect

Broken window effect



There is a phenomenon in psychological research called the "broken window effect", that is, if a house's windows are broken, nobody repairs them, and shortly after, other windows will be inexplicably broken; a wall, if some The graffiti was not washed away, and soon the wall was covered with mess and unsightly things. In a very clean place, people will be embarrassed to throw garbage, but once there is garbage on the ground, people will throw it without hesitation, without any shame. This is really strange.

Psychologists are studying this "tipping point". How dirty is the ground, people will feel that it is so dirty anyway, it does not matter how dirty it is, and how bad the situation is, people will give up and let it rot.

Any bad thing, if it is not blocked at the beginning, forms the atmosphere, and cannot be changed, it is like a river bank. A small gap has not been repaired in time, which can collapse the dam and cause millions of times of damage.

Crime is actually the result of disorder. In the 1980s, New York City really robbed and killed every day, and it was scary when walking on the road during the day. Not to mention the subway, the carriages are dirty, covered with dirty words everywhere, everyone sits in the subway, and everyone is at risk. Although I have not been robbed, a professor was knocked on a sap with blindness in the broad daylight, and his eyesight became blind. He ended his research career and made me talk about tiger discoloration for many years. I was afraid to go to New York alone for a meeting. Recently, the appearance and reputation of New York has improved a lot, which surprised me a lot. A city that has fallen down has risen from the dead and rises upward.

Therefore, when I went out to a meeting and met a criminologist, I immediately asked him for advice. It turned out that New York City used the theory of the window-breaking effect in books in the past to improve the crime environment and make it harder for people to commit crimes. Slowly arrest and return to order.

 At that time, although this practice was scolded as "in a hurry" and "the ship is sinking and still washing the deck", New York City still started by maintaining the subway carriages clean and arranging people who did not buy tickets for free rides in handcuffs. A group of people stood on the platform and publicly announced the government's determination to rectify, but found it very effective.

The police found that people were less likely to commit crimes on clean occasions. They also found it very rewarding to flee tickets because one out of every seven people who escaped was a wanted criminal and one in 20 was armed. Grabbing the escaping ticket earnestly, this made the gangsters afraid to evade the ticket, and dared to not carry weapons once they went out, so as to not lose more than they would pay. In this way, ny City started from the littlest and easiest place, breaking the criminal chain and preventing this vicious circle from continuing.

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