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UN human rights experts urge governments to lift all economic sanctions during new crown epidemic

UN human rights experts urge governments to lift all economic sanctions during new crown epidemic

A UN human rights expert today involved the lifting of all unilateral sanctions that impede the humanitarian response of sanctioned countries, in order that their health care system can respond to the new crown epidemic and save lives.

In a statement issued by the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the negative impact of unilateral coercive measures on the enjoyment of human rights, Alena Douhan urged the international community to immediately take measures to lift or at least suspend all sanctions until the new crown epidemic is eliminated.

She said that in the face of global challenges, no one should be denied the right to important health care services. She called on all governments that use sanctions as a tool for foreign relations to immediately remove measures aimed at establishing trade barriers, and ban tariffs, quotas and non-tariff measures, including those that prevent financing of the purchase of medicines, medical equipment, food and other necessities.

She pointed out that some governments and international organizations are often unable to provide the most basic assistance to the people of sanctioned countries because unilateral sanctions use the global financial system to force third countries, companies and financial institutions to avoid any transactions with these countries.

 She said that in sanctioned countries, especially Iran, Venezuela, Cuba, Syria and Yemen, medical equipment is often outdated and lacks medicine and protection.

She pointed out that the sanctioned countries were particularly hard hit by the epidemic because they could not use their income to buy imported equipment, medicines, antiviral drugs and food from the global market.

Dou Khan emphasized that the use of economic sanctions for political purposes violates human rights and international codes of conduct, and such actions may trigger an unprecedented human-made humanitarian disaster.

The Special Rapporteur is part of the “Special Procedures” and is the largest independent expert body in the United Nations human rights system. It brings together the investigation and monitoring mechanisms established by the Human Rights Council to resolve specific national situations or thematic issues around the world. Special procedures experts work on a voluntary basis. They are not United Nations staff and do not receive United Nations salaries. They are independent of any government or organization and serve the United Nations as individuals.
Immigrants and trafficked people urgently need protection
On the other hand, two other UN human rights experts said today that countries around the world must urgently adopt inclusive measures aimed at protecting immigrants and trafficked persons, such as preventive measures, testing, medical care, health services and social assistance.

The United Nations Special Rapporteur on Migration , Felipe González Morales, and the Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons Maria Grazia Giammarinaro said that countries should also take measures to try to obtain undocumented immigrants regular status in order to During the fight against the new crown epidemic, they were given medical services. "

Two human rights experts pointed out that irregular immigrants, asylum seekers, exploited and trafficked persons may be particularly susceptible to virus infection because their living or working environment may expose them to the virus without the necessary protection. Some migrants, including asylum seekers, do not have the minimum means of protection against infectious diseases, not even clean water for washing their hands. Many people live in crowded shelters or detention centers and are unable to follow recommendations to maintain proper distances. Some immigrants work in the agricultural or informal sector without any protective measures.

They pointed out that in overcrowded facilities, it is impossible to isolate each other, so other sites should be found, and those who can find a place to live in the community should be released. It is essential to work with local health service providers to ensure that everyone in the immigration facility has access to testing, medical advice and treatment.

The epidemic poses a huge risk to displaced camps
The International Organization for Migration said today that a total of 41.3 million internally displaced persons and 25.9 million refugees live in conditions of displacement, and many live in refugee camps.

Immigration organizations point out that in densely populated and overcrowded camps, maintaining social distance and segregation is extremely difficult, and the land there is very limited. In addition, most people do not have enough clean water and disinfectants to prevent widespread spread, nor can they use local national sanitation facilities, and the health centers in the camps are inadequately equipped to cope with the large number of potentially infected patients.

The International Organization for Migration stated that it is working with the authorities and partners on several priorities, including increasing, improving and promoting the construction of more sanitation facilities, such as setting up hand washing stations at camp entrances, public facilities and meeting points; training Staff and community personnel carry out screening to discover symptoms and obtain more land to expand living space and allocate sites and build new temporary sanitation facilities; implement measures to maintain social distance, such as making schedules for the use of public facilities Arrange and reduce the movement of people in the camp.

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