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Unequal pay will reduce people's willingness to work

 Unequal pay will reduce people's willingness to work

A study led by UCL School of Psychology and Linguistic Sciences found that unequal pay reduces people's willingness to work, even those who are willing to benefit from unfairness.

Researchers have found that in social experiments, providing large gaps in rewards for the same task will reduce people's happiness and thus wipe out people's motivation to work.

Lead author Dr. Filip Gesiarz from UCL School of Psychology and Linguistic Sciences said that We showed the psychological impact of inequality of opportunity and how opportunity can damage the productivity and well-being of each participant.

 Our research results may reveal how
psychological mechanisms, in addition to structural barriers, can help disadvantaged people increase unemployment and reduce college enrollment. If you know that other people must work harder than you to earn income If you tie you, it’s hard to motivate yourself to work hard.

In this study, 810 participants were asked to complete a simple task in exchange for payment. In 3 different scenarios, participants were told each person's specific remuneration-for the same task, different participants were paid differently. They can choose to refuse to perform a given task, and after the task is over, they will be asked to fill in a sensory scale.

Researchers have found that when they are told that the wage gap between them and their peers is huge, they are unwilling to work, including those who are well paid.

The results of the study show that if the salary is lower than that of others, and the whole system is considered unfair, people's motivation to work will decrease.

Dr. Guécías said that People who are economically disadvantaged may face a double impairment of motivation and well-being, firstly because of their relatively low status, and secondly because of their unfair response to the distribution of opportunities.

The results of the study show that the huge difference in remuneration leads to greater unhappiness, which in turn is related to lower willingness to work. Even if people will benefit, they are more inclined to refuse to work under unfair conditions.

Researchers speculate that the experimental results may explain to some extent why disadvantaged people are more likely to experience anxiety and depression.

Co-author Dr. Jan-Emmanuel De Neve from University of Oxford said that This study documents an example of a poverty trap. A situation that is disadvantaged by random circumstances can reduce people’s motivation to work and further worsen their situation. 

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